​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​WeThePeopleofTheUnitedStates

          The Following Links will take you to each of the separate Anti-Federalist Papers 1-85.

​The published Anti-Federalist Papers that primarily discuss the “Representation” of the People are #52 - #60.

                            THE ANTI-FEDERALIST PAPERS 

Table of Contents

Antifederalist No. 1 GENERAL INTRODUCTION: A DANGEROUS PLAN OF BENEFIT ONLY TO THE "ARISTOCRATICK COMBINATION"

Antifederalist No. 2 "WE HAVE BEEN TOLD OF PHANTOMS"

Antifederalist No. 3 NEW CONSTITUTION CREATES A NATIONAL GOVERNMENT; WILL NOT ABATE FOREIGN INFLUENCE; DANGERS OF CIVIL WAR AND DESPOTISM

Antifederalist No. 4 FOREIGN WARS, CIVIL WARS, AND INDIAN WARS - THREE BUGBEARS

Antifederalist No. 5 SCOTLAND AND ENGLAND - A CASE IN POINT

Antifederalist No. 6 THE HOBGOBLINS OF ANARCHY AND DISSENSIONS AMONG THE STATES

Antifederalist No. 7 ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION WILL LEAD TO CIVIL WAR

Antifederalist No. 8 "THE POWER VESTED IN CONGRESS OF SENDING TROOPS FOR SUPPRESSING INSURRECTIONS WILL ALWAYS ENABLE THEM TO STIFLE THE FIRST STRUGGLES OF FREEDOM"

Antifederalist No. 9 A CONSOLIDATED GOVERNMENT IS A TYRANNY

Antifederalist No. 10 ON THE PRESERVATION OF PARTIES, PUBLIC LIBERTY DEPENDS

Antifederalist No. 11 UNRESTRICTED POWER OVER COMMERCE SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT

Antifederalist No. 12 HOW WILL THE NEW GOVERNMENT RAISE MONEY?

Antifederalist No. 13 THE EXPENSE OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT

Antifederalist No. 14 EXTENT OF TERRITORY UNDER CONSOLIDATED GOVERNMENT TOO LARGE TO PRESERVE LIBERTY OR PROTECT PROPERTY

Antifederalist No. 15 RHODE ISLAND IS RIGHT!

Antifederalist No. 16 EUROPEANS ADMIRE AND FEDERALISTS DECRY THE PRESENT SYSTEM

Antifederalist No. 17 FEDERALIST POWER WILL ULTIMATELY SUBVERT STATE AUTHORITY

Antifederalist No. 18-20 WHAT DOES HISTORY TEACH? (PART 1)

Antifederalist No. 18-20 WHAT DOES HISTORY TEACH? (PART II)

Antifederalist No. 21 WHY THE ARTICLES FAILED

Antifederalist No. 22 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION SIMPLY REQUIRES AMENDMENTS, PARTICULARLY FOR COMMERCIAL POWER AND JUDICIAL POWER; CONSTITUTION GOES TOO FAR

Antifederalist No. 23 CERTAIN POWERS NECESSARY FOR THE COMMON DEFENSE, CAN AND SHOULD BE LIMITED

Antifederalist No. 24 OBJECTIONS TO A STANDING ARMY (PART I)

Antifederalist No. 25 OBJECTIONS TO A STANDING ARMY (PART II)

Antifederalist No. 26 THE USE OF COERCION BY THE NEW GOVERNMENT (PART I)

Antifederalist No. 27 THE USE OF COERCION BY THE NEW GOVERNMENT (PART II)

Antifederalist No. 28 THE USE OF COERCION BY THE NEW GOVERNMENT (PART III)

Antifederalist No. 29 OBJECTIONS TO NATIONAL CONTROL OF THE MILITIA

Antifederalist No. 30-31 A VIRGINIA ANTIFEDERALIST ON THE ISSUE OF TAXATION

Antifederalist No. 32 FEDERAL TAXATION AND THE DOCTRINE OF IMPLIED POWERS (PART I)

Antifederalist No. 33 FEDERAL TAXATION AND THE DOCTRINE OF IMPLIED POWERS (PART II)

Antifederalist No. 34 THE PROBLEM OF CONCURRENT TAXATION

Antifederalist No. 35 FEDERAL TAXING POWER MUST BE RESTRAINED

Antifederalist No. 36 REPRESENTATION AND INTERNAL TAXATION

Antifederalist No. 37 FACTIONS AND THE CONSTITUTION

Antifederalist No. 38 SOME REACTIONS TO FEDERALIST ARGUMENTS

Antifederalist No. 39 APPEARANCE AND REALITY-THE FORM IS FEDERAL; THE EFFECT IS NATIONAL

Antifederalist No. 40 ON THE MOTIVATIONS AND AUTHORITY OF THE FOUNDING FATHERS

Antifederalist No. 41-43 (Part I) Richard Henry Lee "THE QUANTITY OF POWER THE UNION MUST POSSESS IS ONE THING; THE MODE OF EXERCISING THE POWERS GIVEN IS QUITE A DIFFERENT CONSIDERATION"

Antifederalist No. 41-43 (Part II) (Richard Henry Lee) "THE QUANTITY OF POWER THE UNION MUST POSSESS IS ONE THING; THE MODE OF EXERCISING THE POWERS GIVEN IS QUITE A DIFFERENT CONSIDERATION"

Antifederalist No. 44 WHAT CONGRESS CAN DO; WHAT A STATE CAN NOT

Antifederalist No. 45 POWERS OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENT DANGEROUS TO STATE GOVERNMENTS; NEW YORK AS AN EXAMPLE

Antifederalist No. 46 "WHERE THEN IS THE RESTRAINT?"

Antifederalist No. 47 "BALANCE" OF DEPARTMENTS NOT ACHIEVED UNDER NEW CONSTITUTION

Antifederalist No. Antifederalist No. 48 NO SEPARATION OF DEPARTMENTS RESULTS IN NO RESPONSIBILITY

Antifederalist No. 49 ON CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS (PART I)

Antifederalist No. 50 ON CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS (PART II)

Antifederalist No. 51 DO CHECKS AND BALANCES REALLY SECURE THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE?

Antifederalist No. 52 ON THE GUARANTEE OF CONGRESSIONAL BIENNIAL ELECTIONS

Antifederalist No. 53 A PLEA FOR THE RIGHT OF RECALL

Antifederalist No. 54 APPORTIONMENT AND SLAVERY: NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN VIEWS

Antifederalist No. 55 WILL THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES BE GENUINELY REPRESENTATIVE? (PART I)

Antifederalist No. 56 WILL THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES BE GENUINELY REPRESENTATIVE? (PART II)

Antifederalist No. 57 WILL THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES BE GENUINELY REPRESENTATIVE? (PART III)

Antifederalist No. 58 WILL THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES BE GENUINELY REPRESENTATIVE? (PART IV)

Antifederalist No. 59 THE DANGER OF CONGRESSIONAL CONTROL OF ELECTIONS

Antifederalist No. 60 WILL THE CONSTITUTION PROMOTE THE INTERESTS OF FAVORITE CLASSES?

Antifederalist No. 61 QUESTIONS AND COMMENTS ON THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS REGARDING THE ELECTION OF CONGRESSMEN

Antifederalist No. 62 ON THE ORGANIZATION AND POWERS OF THE SENATE (PART I)

Antifederalist No. 63 ON THE ORGANIZATION AND POWERS OF THE SENATE (PART II)

Antifederalist No. 64 ON THE ORGANIZATION AND POWERS OF THE SENATE (PART III)

Antifederalist No. 65 ON THE ORGANIZATION AND POWERS OF THE SENATE (PART IV)

Antifederalist No. 66 From North Carolina

Antifederalist No. 67 VARIOUS FEARS CONCERNING THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT

Antifederalist No. 68 ON THE MODE OF ELECTING THE PRESIDENT

Antifederalist No. 69 THE CHARACTER OF THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE

Antifederalist No. 70 THE POWERS AND DANGEROUS POTENTIALS OF HIS ELECTED MAJESTY

Antifederalist No. 71 THE PRESIDENTIAL TERM OF OFFICE

Antifederalist No. 72 ON THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE; ON REELIGIBILITY OF THE PRESIDENT

Antifederalist No. 73 DOES THE PRESIDENTIAL VETO POWER INFRINGE ON THE SEPARATION OF DEPARTMENTS?

Antifederalist No. 74 THE PRESIDENT AS MILITARY KING

Antifederalist No. 75 A NOTE PROTESTING THE TREATY-MAKING PROVISIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION

Antifederalist No. 76-77 AN ANTIFEDERALIST VIEW OF THE APPOINTING POWER UNDER THE CONSTITUTION

Antifederalist No. 78-79 THE POWER OF THE JUDICIARY (PART I)

Antifederalist No. 80 THE POWER OF THE JUDICIARY (PART II)

Antifederalist No. 81 THE POWER OF THE JUDICIARY (PART III)

Antifederalist No. 82 THE POWER OF THE JUDICIARY (PART IV)

Antifederalist No. 83 THE FEDERAL JUDICIARY AND THE ISSUE OF TRIAL BY JURY

Antifederalist No. 84 ON THE LACK OF A BILL OF RIGHTS

Antifederalist No. 85 CONCLUDING REMARKS: EVILS UNDER CONFEDERATION EXAGGERATED; CONSTITUTION MUST BE DRASTICALLY REVISED BEFORE ADOPTION